Termites live in colonies and feed on cellulose based materials such as the wood or dry wall found in your home. They are constantly searching for new food sources and have been found up to fifty meters from their main colony foraging for food. The main way termite infestation occurs is when foraging termites find their way into the structures or foundations of your home. As this is a food rich environment, a new colony can form within a few days. Healthy colonies also send out winged reproductive termites to start new colonies in suitable areas.
Subterranean termites require moisture to survive thus they usually form colonies in humid environments or near a source of moisture. They create mud tunnels which are used to enter the structures of your home, usually the foundations. Dry wood termites do not require moisture or special conditions to survive and can form colonies anywhere above ground such as in your roof.
Established colonies contain approximately 15 million termites and can consume approximately 500g of wood per day. Multiple colonies can co-exist in a small area which compounds the damage to your home.
The worst infestations occur when termites go unchecked, which allows multiple colonies to form in the structures of your home, potentially causing serious damage. Most termite infestations are found when substantial damage has already occurred, thus it is important to be vigilant and get your home checked regularly.